is Integrated Pest Management (IPM)?
A range of methods used to control pest
animals, plants and fungi. It is a management system that requires
an integrated approach and emphasizes the use of natural alternatives
wherever possible. IPM has been used where traditional methods
of pest control have failed, become costly or have been detrimental
to the environment or the health of people. Over time it was found
that pests build resistance to pesticides through use, so larger concentrations were being used at more frequent intervals leading
to some of our health and environmental problems we currently
IPM anticipates and prevents pests from reaching damaging levels.
It uses the most appropriate pest control measures for a given
It significantly reduces the need to use chemicals while providing
the same, if not better, level of protection, however it does
not completely eliminate their use.
IPM works better when plantings and crops are viewed as an ecosystem
and nature is used to help maintain a healthy balance in order
to increase plant's resistance to pest attack.
Decisions are made from scientific observations and statistical
But more importantly, it involves deciding when to use IPM strategies
as a good knowledge of the life cycle of the pest is required.
IPM strategies cannot be implemented overnight (usually takes
What methods are used?
is a range of methods available and these include:
Cultural management (e.g. canopy management and good sanitation
practices in vineyards)
Biological controls such as the trichogramma wasp
Host resistance (e.g. planting varieties to withstand local conditions
such as frost to increase their resistance)
Biological pesticides (e.g. Mimic)
1. Risk assessment
Where is it being used?
is used in nearly all agricultural fields, but is especially effective
for use in:
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